News And Events

Client Newsletter May 2016 05/05/16

May 2016 Client Newsletter:The Budget, Tax & Super Changes, Creative Workspaces, Financial Planning, New Team Members & New Qld Office.


  • The 2016 Federal  Budget: We share the key tax and super announcements below. Our Year End Tax Planning Checklist goes out next month, and by then we’ll have read the details more closely to identify key points of interest for our clients. The government has cautiously revealed some moderate changes.  It will remain to be seen whether some announcements see the light of day pending the results of an uncertain election. Small to  medium business are offered tax cuts. Low income earners see a nominal change to the low income Medicare levy  thresholds. Significant changes to the superannuation system are given a  thorough review below.


  • Creative Workspaces: Located in Darlinghurst, at the groovy headquarters of Creative Plus Business. Electra enjoyed after work drinks with the C+B team last week and reckons with its lovely big windows, high ceilings and friendly creative vibe it’d be a great space to call ‘work’. Available now. More details below.


  • Financial Planning Services: Electra Frost and Joe Sharpe completed their Diplomas in Financial Planning, with the aim of being able to provide Independent Financial Advice to our valued clients under their own Financial Services License. Joe’s license was granted by ASIC on May 2nd and he is now available for consultations on a range of services designed to help you understand financial products including insurance, superannuation, SMSFs and investments and more besides. Electra’s applying for a company licence shortly. To find out more about what financial advice can be provided, services offered, fees and other information you can contact us for a copy of Joe’s Financial Services Guide.


  • We welcomed new team members, Lisa Wilson and Jerry Chen:
  • Lisa is an experienced bookkeeper with a Bachelor of Accounting, and is completing her BAS Agent registration course. She helps create and maintain our clients’ online accounting systems in Xero, MYOB and Reckon, and provides training. Lisa works closely with Electra on BAS’s and accounting for businesses and sole traders, and enjoys the convenience of working with our clients over Skype video, and her favourite past-time is horse riding.
  • Jerry holds a Bachelor of Business and a Master of Professional Accounting, and is completing the CPA program. He mainly assists us with tax return preparation before meetings, and attends tax seminars to keep our team’s knowledge library up to date. We look forward to seeing Jerry progress along his professional path with us. Jerry enjoys creating instructional videos on time management.


  • Queensland Office: This year Electra has been busy establishing a second office in Queensland, with employees to support our Sydney customer services via online technologies. We call it ‘onshoring’. New software has been challenging to implement, and with lots of support from the wonderful people at Excelan, Reckon Elite, Nimbus and Xero it’s all coming together now! Electra continues to meet with clients every month in Sydney. Other times she does video meetings from the Qld office, and sometimes goes surfing at lunchtime.


Please read on about The Budget and Creative Workspaces.

If you have any questions we’d love to hear from you. Please email.

With the 15 May annual tax lodgment deadline approaching for most 2015 tax returns, we’re pretty frantic here, so we may take a bit longer than usual to reply. Thanks for your understanding at this busy time. Let us know if your matter  is urgent.
Keep an eye out for our Year End Tax Planning Checklist in about 4 weeks!



Creative Plus Business

is an organisation dedicated to helping creative people and arts entrepreneurs  work for themselves and become more professional in their practice. They also  have a beautiful and friendly co-working space available in groovy Darlingurst,  Sydney for rent to other creative or arts people, businesses and NFPs. There are  eight co-working desks and a self-contained office, as well as a large  meeting/workshop space available at very reasonable rates.Spaces include:

  • 24 hour use (with key and pass)
  • all utilities, including unlimited wifi/ethernet
  • free use of private client meeting room with whiteboard
  • fully stocked kitchen area with tea, coffee and bikkies
  • wireless colour/BW printing up to A3 size
  • 50% discount on the workshop space (including whiteboard and projector)
  • social events like our regular Friday arvo drinkies (BYO)
  • a cleaner, and assistance from our full-time Office Manager

For more information, and to find out rates, please visit  or call 02 8091 2082.

The Budget 2016 – A Review

Source: MYOB Pulse Australia

Tax Cuts

Tax cuts are a political hot potato which can easily be taken out of context, and indeed  have already been by the media in the lead up to the budget. The key ones are  summarised below.


Individual Tax Bracket Change

The first is for those on $80,000+ per year. The 37 percent tax bracket, which  currently kicks in at $80,000, will now start at $87,000.

This modest increase that barely keeps up with the inflation based bracket creep of the last couple of years, and nets a grand total of $315 to  someone over the $87,000 limit.
Company Tax Rate

A major  pillar of the tax reform proposed in the budget is to reduce the company tax rate  progressively.

The current rate is 30 percent, with a concessional rate of 28.5 percent applying to  business with a turnover of less than $2 million. The rate is being reduced to  27.5 percent for the 2017 year for those with a turnover of less than $10 million. The turnover threshold will be progressively increased until the 2023 income year, after which the tax rate will decrease by 1 percent per  year to finally sit at 25 percent in the 2017  income year for all companies.

These are  big cuts, but over a long timeframe. They are also in principle objected to by  the opposition so will be key measures to watch over the election to see  whether they will come to fruition.


Small Business Tax Discount

In conjunction with the company tax rate decrease, the tax discount on unincorporated business, currently at 8 percent, will be lifted to 16 percent for business with a turnover of less than $5 million. However, the discount is  still limited to $1,000 per individual – a relatively minor incentive.


Small and Medium Business

One of the key small business policies in the 2015 federal budget, the $20,000 instant asset write-off scheme allows businesses to immediately deduct the full value of every asset purchased to the value of $20,000, instead of claiming the deductions over a number of years. The government has not extended the timeframe for the scheme, which is still due to end of 30 June 2017.

Businesses on the Medium end of the scale have missed out over  the years, because the definition of a small business sits ar $2 million in turnover.

The  government has proposed to increase this turnover threshold to $10 million,  bringing many more businesses into this category. This measure  was vehemently opposed by the shadow treasurer shortly after the budget was delivered.



The tax cuts  come with a bill, and the government is targeting what they call generous superannuation tax concessions as one of the means of paying them.

The government is trying to incentivise those on low  income and with small balances in super to invest, while progressively  penalising those who are at the other end of the scale.

There are a  lot of changes….. (which Electra will read up on later)


Simplifying Contribution Rules

From 1 July 2017, anyone will be able to make concessional superannuation contributions,  regardless of employment circumstances.

This is a  welcome change to the sometimes arbitrary and complex rules we are currently  subject to, and ensures anyone, including the self-employed and those with  employers who refuse to salary sacrifice, can gain the same benefits by  contributing into super.

Concessional Contributions Caps

The  concessional contributions limits are to be reduced to a flat $25,000 per year from 1 July 2017 (currently ranging between $30,000 and $35,000 based on your age).

In addition, the extra tax rate of 30 percent that applies to contributions by those with  incomes of over $300,000 will now apply to those with incomes of more than $250,000.

Contributions Cap

Currently  individuals can make contributions of their own, after-tax money into superannuation of up to $180,000 per year, in addition to the normal concessional or tax deductible contributions they might make. This system is  being scrapped in favour of a single lifetime cap of $500,000, which will take into  account all non-concessional contributions made since 1 July 2007.

The  effect  of  this  is  immediate,  as non-concessional contributions made after 3 May 2016 (budget day) which are in excess of this cap will be subject to a penalty tax rate.

Low Income Superannuation Tax Offset

Low income  earners who are below the tax free threshold find that contributions made into  superannuation incur a tax rate of 15 percent, so it actually costs them to put  money into superannuation.

From 1 July  2017, up to $500 of this cost will be available as a tax offset for those with  an adjusted taxable income of less than $37,000.

The Work Test

The  government is simplifying the super rules substantially by removing the work test for those aged over 65. From 1 July 2017, this will allow people aged  from aged 65 to 74 to freely contribute money into superannuation subject to  the same rules as everyone else!

Taxation of TRAPs

Income on  superannuation which is in a Transition to Retirement Income Stream (TRAP) is currently tax free. This tax-free status is being removed and so the income will subject to the normal superannuation tax rates.

Catch Ups

Those with  superannuation balances of less than $500,000 will be allowed to make catch up contributions where they have not fully utilised the available concessional  caps from previous years.

It will only apply to unused amounts accrued from 1 July 2017, and will apply on a 5 year  rolling basis. This essentially allows individuals to plan their contributions  and make them in lumps in arrears, rather than utilising the maximum cap  every year.

Tax-Free Earnings

The government has promised to retain the tax-free status of superannuation  withdrawals in retirement. However, amounts invested in the retirement phase (ie which is paid out as a pension) have been targeted.

Currently, income on the amounts invested are tax free (in addition to the pension  payments themselves), but from 1 July 2017 the balance of these amounts will be  capped at $1.6 million, reducing the generous concession on the income  generated from investing these funds.


Jobs for Vulnerable Young People

The  government says it has a large focus on jobs growth, as repeatedly quoted during the  budget delivery. Part of delivering on this, it says, is through the reduction of company  tax rates.

In addition,  in an attempt to refine previous systems such as work for the dole, a new  scheme is proposed which is designed to provide vulnerable young people with  subsidised work experience. This will allow employers to design an internship  placement of 4 to 12 weeks during which a job seeker will get unpaid work  experience for 15 to 25 hours per week. Business will be incentivised with a  $1,000 upfront payment while job seekers will receive an additional $200 per  fortnight on top of their regular income support payments. Finally, a wage  subsidy of up to $10,000 will be available where a job seeker is subsequently  employed for at least six months.

(No thanks! I would never employ someone for $4 an hour to do anything, not even stack shelves, because as an Australian employer I respect my social contract to uphold our minimum wages and conditions for all Australians. – Electra Frost)


Other Items of Interest

There are a  number of smaller measures, including:

GST on Imports

The government will now require overseas suppliers who sell more than $75,000 worth  of goods in Australia to register for GST. While increasing tax revenue, this  will also potentially increase the price of low-value goods bought through  international ebay stores and the like. (but it does sound like a rather costly tax admin exercise)

Alternative Finance

From 1 July  2018, the government proposes to clarify the tax treatment of deferred  payment  and hire purchase arrangements. Currently these can be quite complex from a  taxation point of view, where most just resort to a simply interest bearing  loans. This could open up a new breed of financing arrangements in coming years  that move away from the conventional chattels mortgage loans we are used to.


There are  some incentives in the Budget for startup and innovation enterprises, but the  reality is that these are obscure and hard to get, and will mean little for the  average punter.


Thanks for reading our newsletter.

We’ll also send you a Year End Tax Planning Checklist in about 4 weeks, and welcome bookings in June for tax, business and financial planning.

We look forward to being of assistance to you in the new financial year.


Best Wishes


The Team at Electra Frost Accounting

Office 22, 43-53 Bridge Road, Stanmore NSW 2048

PHONE: 02 9516 3382

Liability limited by a scheme approved under Professional Standards Legislation

ATO is looking at Airbnb user data 26/02/16

The Australian Taxation Office is targeting Airbnb users and the 1.8 million people – or about eight per cent of the population – who own an investment property in 2016.

Mark Chapman, director of tax communications for H&R Block commented “whether it is a property rented out on Airbnb or a city pad rented out long term, the ATO has signalled a big push to check that people are disclosing their rental income or falsely claiming tax deductions.”

“The ATO has access to numerous sources of third-party data and the Airbnb site itself, which lists the properties and their addresses/owners, making it a relatively easy exercise for them to track who is paying tax on the rental,” he added.

According to Mr Chapman, although the majority of users are not running a business via their Airbnb activities, the sale of a property used in generating income will be met with capital gains tax.

Mr Chapman noted that in order for Airbnb users to minimise the chances of falling foul of the ATO’s auditors, it is essential to keep proper records of all income earned and all allowable deductions to be claimed.

Source: Mitchell Turner, IPA 24/2/2016

ATO News on Bitcoin 10/08/15

Client Newsletter June 2015 18/06/15

1.   Our News…..

  • We’re moving to the ginger beer factory in July! Suite 22, 43-53 Bridge Road, Stanmore
  • Video consultations: they’re in demand and work really well.
  • Our services and qualifications.

2.     The 2015 Federal Budget

  •  We reviewed commentary from our professional associations and the ATO.
  •  We discuss the 2015-16 Budget matters that we think may be of most interest to you.

3.     Tax Tips and FAQ

  • The end of the 2014-15 financial year is almost here, so now is the time to consider strategies to minimise your tax.
  • Record keeping tips for arts businesses, sole traders and freelancers.
  • Which records you can start organising now to improve your 2015 tax outcome.


1. Our News:

  • We are moving in July

After seven years at Flourmill Studios, the time has come for a change.  Whilst we love our offices, parking and accessibility has become a major issue and the rental expenses of the building have increased quite dramatically which would have affected our charge rates.

We are not going far!

The new premises are situated on the courtyard level of a refurbished Ginger Beer factory on Bridge St, Stanmore.  There is a parking spot for clients and a Cafe in the complex.  It is about as close to Stanmore train station as the old office was from Newtown train station and we think it is a more pleasant walk too!

What else is happening at Electra Frost Accounting?

Electra just sat her final Masters of International Taxation exam and is also completing a Diploma of Financial Planning. She returns to work on 19 June.

Joe did his final exam for his Masters of Commerce in Professional Accounting and was recently awarded a Diploma of Financial Planning.

Rex has completed his CPA program and Jessica is enrolled in a Diploma of Accounting and Business Administration.

We have plans to apply for a limited Australian Financial Services License this year; which will mean we can discuss things like superannuation, shares, income protection and life insurance in a more detailed way than we are currently allowed to; and provide vendor independent advice about the sorts of products on the market and how they work.

We have no plans at this stage to sell any financial products.

  • Video Conference Consultations 

Remember, we also offer consultations by video conferencing including evening and weekends.

If you have moved away, can’t get out of work easily or would just prefer to avoid the Sydney traffic and travel experience, why not do your tax with us over Skype video this year? We think it works really well.

For the best experience, we recommend a large screen (because we screen share and can work through your spreadsheet and tax return with you) and a fast reliable internet connection.

You may have paperwork at hand in your location that we discover is needed, thus saving you the trouble of going back to send it to us. You can even digitally sign your tax return on our portal so it can be lodged right away without needing to print any forms.

Talking face to face can make a big difference to your tax outcome. More tax deductions are discovered through conversation. So we hope to see you soon, in person or on cam.



  1.     2015-16 Federal Budget 
  • The immediate deduction for purchases of equipment under $20,000

The question we have been most frequently asked by our clients is about this budget announcement.  Whilst this change has been announced, it has not yet been enacted which means that it cannot be guaranteed at this stage.

We believe that the measure will pass into law; however any decision to make purchases taking advantage of this proposed change carry a measure of risk.

 The Tax Office have an information page – click here.

Under the concession “Small Business Entities” are entitled to claim an immediate deduction for purchases of business related equipment which occur between 12/5/2015 and 30/6/2017 in the year of purchase.

Factors to be aware of:

On the face of it, we think this legislation is a very good thing. But it before you rush out making big purchases, you should consider the following issues.

How tax deductions work

A tax deduction works by reducing taxable income by a dollar; which creates an improvement in the tax estimate accordingly as roughly follows:

Taxable Income ($) Approximate benefit per $1 deduction claimed
0-18,200 0
18,201 to 37,000 About 20 cents
37,001 to 80,000 About 34 cents
81,001 to 180,000 About 40 cents


Hence if you have an income of $40,000 and buy a piece of equipment for $20,000, the improvement in your tax return is roughly (3,000 x 34 cents) plus (17,000 x 20 cents) = $4,420, or about a 22% reduction in the cost of the equipment.

On the other hand; if your income was 80,000, you would receive approximately 34% effective reduction in the cost of the equipment.

What if my equipment purchase results in my business making a loss for tax purposes?

This is a very tricky issue.  If you operate your business as a sole trader or in a partnership and the business operates at a loss, then that loss may or may not be ‘deductible’ against your other sources of income.  In other words, there is no guarantee that a business loss will act to improve your tax outcome in the year it is incurred.  We are waiting for the ATO to advise whether an exception will be available for businesses that result in a loss caused by deductions under this new small business tax break. You should request a consultation if you need help determining what is likely to happen for you, if your purchasing decision depends on it.

Our advice

Regardless of whether the legislation passes or not, a good general principle to abide by is that any business equipment purchase should be made first and foremost because there is a benefit to your business. Tax deductions have much the same effect as buying goods for a discount.  Whether you can get 20% or 30% off, the most important thing is whether the goods under consideration will repay your investment.


  • Tax rate changed for small businesses

Private companies, trusts and partnerships with a turnover of less than $2 million will benefit from a tax reduction.

For companies, this means a reduction in the rate of taxation from 30% to 28.5%. As many small companies pay franked dividends to their shareholders; this may not actually provide much real benefit, but it certainly shouldn’t hurt.

For other entitled business entities, the concession will operate in much the same way as the old Entrepreneurs Tax Offset did; by reducing the tax on business income by 5%; capped at $1,000 per individual per year.

These changes are generally only likely to benefit businesses making a profit.

For companies

A couple of other measures have been proposed that should be of benefit to companies.

  • FBT holiday for portable electronic devices from 1/4/2016.
  • Immediate deductibility for costs of setting up a business such as accounting fees and legal advice.


  • Other changes announced
  • GST to be applied to overseas purchases of some digital services and goods.
  • GST changes regarding sales and acquisition of going concerns (e.g. businesses and commercial premises).
  • Capital Gains Tax changes for restructuring businesses.
  • Streamlining of business registration processes with ASIC/ATO/ABR (we so hope so!).
  • ASIC crowdfunding framework to simplify reporting and disclosure.
  • FBT changes for not for profits and salary sacrifice arrangements.
  • Medicare low income threshold increased.
  • Low income supplement axed from 1/7/2017.


  • Pensions and Super
  • Changes to rules for accessing super for the terminally ill.
  • Changes to how superannuation affects the level of entitlement to government pension.
  • Assets test changes.
  • Car expenses for the financial year ending 1/7/2016 and onwards

The 12% original value and 33% of actual expenses methods are being removed.

The cents per kilometre method is changing to 66c/km for all cars; which will make most car owners claiming under this method worse off.

The logbook method remains unchanged.

Our advice

If you have a relatively new or expensive vehicle and use it mostly for business, you may well benefit from maintaining a car logbook. We hear you can get an app for it.


  • People with HECS-HELP Debts

Those with HELP debts working or living overseas will still have to repay them if their worldwide income places them over the relevant income threshold.

Our advice

Please keep in touch if you move overseas. Be well informed before you leave to avoid costly headaches upon your return. You may need to lodge a tax return or deal with other important tax issues you do not know about. Electra has international tax expertise and speaks with many of our overseas clients over Skype video.


  • Working holiday tax changes from 1/7/2016

The law will change for certain visa holders who will now be required to pay tax at non-resident rates of at least 32.5% of their earnings – no tax free threshold.


  • Human Services and Childcare

As tax agents we have no involvement in Centrelink, Family Tax Benefits and Childcare Benefits; so for clarification of any of the points below, you should consult with the Department of Human Services.

  • A single childcare subsidy will replace child care benefit, child care rebate and assistance payments, effective 1/7/2017.
  • Effective 1/7/2016, those under 25 will have to wait only 4 weeks before being entitled to receive income support – a softening from last year’s budget position of 6 months.
  • Child care safety net given additional funding.
  • Home based trial care.
  • Subsidised childcare or FTB part A “no pay no jab” effective from 1/7/2016.
  • No more “Double Dip” on Paid parental leave.
  • Large family supplement axed 1/7/2016.
  • Changes to parental income testing for youth payments from 1/1/2016 and onwards.
  • Benefits cut for those outside of Australia from 1/1/2016.


3. Tax Tips and FAQ

 (a) The end of the 2014/15 financial year is almost here, so now is the time to review what strategies you can use to minimise your tax:


#1 | Concessional Superannuation Cap

The concessional superannuation cap for 2015 is $30,000 per year for persons under 49 as at 30/6/14, and $35,000 for persons age 49 to 75. If you go over this limit you will pay more tax.

Note that employer super guarantee contributions are included in these caps. Where a contribution is made that exceeds these limits, the excess is taxed to the fund member’s account at their marginal tax rate.

In order to claim a tax deduction in the 2015 financial year, the super fund must receive the contribution by 30 June 2015.

#2 | Asset Depreciation

If your business is a Small Business Entity (turnover less than $2 million), then from 1 January 2015 the following tax concessions apply:

  • Depreciating assets (including motor vehicles) valued at less than $1,000 will be immediately deductible
  • Depreciating assets valued at more than $1,000 might be depreciated in one pool at a rate of 15% in the first year and 30% in future years (to be confirmed, see below)
  • Small businesses to immediately deduct assets they start to use or install ready for use, provided the asset costs less than $20,000. This will apply for assets acquired and installed ready for use between 7.30pm (AEST) 12 May 2015 and 30 June 2017. (note: this is anticipated, but not yet in legislation)
  • Assets valued at $20,000 or more (which cannot be immediately deducted) can continue to be placed in the small business simplified depreciation pool (‘the pool’) and depreciated at 15% in the first income year and 30% each income year thereafter. The pool can also be immediately deducted if the balance is less than $20,000 over this period (including existing pools). (note: this is anticipated, but not yet in legislation)

#3 | Tools of Trade / FBT Exempt Items

The purchase of Tools of Trade and other FBT exempt items for business owners and employees can be an effective way to buy equipment with a tax benefit. Items that can be packaged include Handheld/Portable Tools of Trade, Computer Software, Notebook Computers, Personal Electronic Organisers, Digital Cameras, Briefcases, Protective Clothing, and Mobile Phones.

If structured correctly, the Employer will be entitled to a full tax deduction for the reimbursement payment to the employee (for the equipment cost), and the employee’s salary package will only be reduced by the GST-exclusive cost of the items purchased.

#4 | Employee Superannuation Payments

To claim a tax deduction in the 2015 financial year, you need to ensure that your employee superannuation payments have CLEARED your business bank account by 30 June 2015.

For any last minute superannuation payments, we recommend that you arrange for a BANK CHEQUE made payable to your employee super fund prior to 30 June 2015.

Also, check that your payroll system is now paying the required 9.5% rate (up from 9.25%) from 1 July 2015.

#5 | Defer Income

Where practical or commercially viable, defer issuing further invoices and/or receiving cash/debtor payments until after 30 June 2015.

#6 | Bring Forward Expenses

  • Purchase consumable items BEFORE 30 June 2015: These include stationery, printing, office and computer supplies.
  • Pay business travel – flights and accommodation – in advance.
  • Prepaid expenses up to 12 months – e.g. insurance premiums, interest expenses, subscriptions.
  • Employee super contributions should be paid no later than 28 June if you want to ensure they are received by the super fund and tax deductible as at 30 June 2015.

#7 | Repairs & Maintenance

Make payments for repairs and maintenance (business, rental property, employment related items) BEFORE 30 June 2015.

#8 | Defer Investment Income & Capital Gains

If practical, arrange for the receipt of Investment Income (e.g. interest on Term Deposits) and the Contract Date for the sale of Capital Gains assets, to occur AFTER 30 June 2015.

The Contract Date is generally the key date for working out when a sale occurred, not the Settlement Date.

#9 | Motor Vehicle Log Book

Ensure that you have kept an accurate and complete Motor Vehicle Log Book for at least a 12-week period. The start date for the 12-week period must be on or before 30 June 2015. You should make a record of your odometer reading as at 30 June 2015, and keep all receipts/invoices for motor vehicle expenses.

#10 | Investment Property Depreciation

If you own a rental property and haven’t already done so, arrange for the preparation of a Property Depreciation Report to allow you to claim the maximum amount of depreciation and building write-off deductions on your rental property.

 #11 | Private Company (“Division 7A”) Loans

Business owners who have borrowed funds from their company must ensure that the appropriate principal and interest repayments are made by 30 June 2015.

#12 | Year End Stock Take / Work in Progress

If applicable, you need to prepare a detailed Stock Take and/or Work in Progress listing as at 30 June 2015. Review your listing and write-off any obsolete or worthless stock items.

#13 | Write-off Bad Debts

Review your Trade Debtors listing and write off all Bad Debts BEFORE 30 June 2015. Prepare a minute of a Directors’ meeting, listing each Bad Debt, as evidence that these amounts were actually written off prior to year-end.

#14 | Small Business Concessions – Prepayments

“Small Business Concession” taxpayers can make prepayments (up to 12 months) on expenses (e.g. Loan Interest, rent, insurances, subscriptions) BEFORE 30 June 2015 and obtain a full tax deduction in the 2015 financial year.

#15 | Trustee Resolutions

Ensure that the Trustee Resolutions are prepared and signed BEFORE 30 June 2015 for all Discretionary (“Family”) Trusts. Please contact us for more information about these resolutions.


(b) FAQs – record keeping and claiming deductions:

  •  How do I record my deductions to get the best tax outcome?

Preparing information for your tax return can often be time consuming and a little bit daunting.  It helps to make sure your time is spent most productively to help us to help you.

The general rule about deductions is that if you spend money on something to help you perform your business or earn a salary, then some or all of that expense might be tax deductible.

What helps us to understand and you to remember – is a brief description of what you actually purchased and what for.  This is often far more important than categorising the expense.

For example, a visual artist might attend a seminar on light and colour.  There’s a clear connection between the seminar and the job she does for a living.  Writing “seminar” doesn’t explain the connection but writing “seminar on light and colour” does.

When preparing your records, do not spend time on worrying whether to record an expense because it might not be deductible.  Just tell us what you did and why so we can help you work that out.  One of the main ways we can help you is by analysing your expenses to ensure that you claim deductions you are entitled to.


  • Per Diems, Travel Allowances. Fact and Fiction

If you earn income as a freelancer under your own ABN or through a partnership, there is no such thing as a ‘per diems deduction’, or daily rate that you can claim because you worked away from home. You will need some form of written evidence of your actual expenditure on accommodation, meals and incidental costs of BUSINESS travel, and possibly also a Travel Diary.

If you are a salaried employee AND in receipt of a bona fide travel allowance that is separately identified on your payment summary, then you MAY be able to claim a deduction ‘without receipts’ to the equivalent amount of your allowance, or more if you genuinely spent more, up to a limit, if you had to travel away to conduct work for your employer.

In either case we recommend that you keep a travel diary each day that briefly describes where you were; what you did, how it relates to work or business and travel, meals and accommodation expenses.  Do this by, for example, recording the dates and activities in the Travel Diary as “Canberra Trip August” and in the business expense schedule using the category “Canberra trip” and descriptions such as meals or flights in the description column.


  • Artists Residencies and Grants

If you are lucky enough to be invited to an artist residency which means you travel away from home, you may be able to claim some of the costs associated with the residency.  Usually the information on how you acquit your grant is very useful for calculating your tax deductions but not all expenses used in acquitting your grant will be tax deductible.

It is very important to maintain a travel diary showing the duration of the residency, the places you visited and the things you did.

In general, things like groceries and ordinary costs of living will not be tax deductible.  On a short stay or while travelling away from the location of the residency, meal costs at restaurants or cafes, research trips and transport costs may be tax deductible.  However on longer stays eating out close to the location of the residency is unlikely to be tax deductible, just as eating out close to home is not normally tax deductible.


  • Home Office Expenses: Claiming Rent or Home Loan Interest

If you work from home for work or business, there is a chance that you may be entitled to claim a portion of your rent or home loan as a tax deduction.  It is much harder for employees to do this and for tax purposes, an employee is someone in receipt of a payment summary (note: PSI rules may prevent some ABN holders from claiming home office occupancy expenses too).

Whether you are freelancing or employed, to be able to make a claim; you need to satisfy a test which has four elements:

  1. There is a dedicated room (very occasionally an area might qualify) that is set aside to conduct work or business.
  2. The room is not readily adaptable to a private or domestic purpose.  A good example is a doctor’s surgery, hair dressing salon or a soundproofed recording studio.
  3. The room is used exclusively or almost exclusively for business purposes.
  4. The room is used to conduct client visits, if you clients visit you.

These four points should be supported by factual evidence consisting of a floorplan which shows how much of the home is taken up by the home office (i.e. 15 sqm out of 100sqm), a rental ledger or statement of home loan interest and, lastly, photographs of the home office or studio.

If you are an employee, it is not enough to satisfy these four conditions.  You must also show that you work from home as a matter of necessity rather than convenience and this should be evidenced by a letter from your employer stating this is true.

For homeowners there is a further consideration which is that if you elect to claim some of your home loan interest you may have to pay an apportioned amount of Capital Gains Tax when you sell the property.  Because of the rises in house prices over the last twenty years most people elect not to claim home loan interest as a tax deduction for their home studios, however the ‘interest deductibility test’ may still expose you to capital gains tax.  This is something that can be discussed in consultation.


  • Research Costs: Shows, Downloads, DVDs, Newspapers, Films and Concerts

If you are involved in arts, media, music or the creative industries, chances are that you will attend shows, exhibitions or download music which is related to how you earn your living.

To get the most out of this at tax time, it is really helpful if you can tell us where you went, what you did and how it connects.

For example, if you work in film and went to see Lords of the Rings to see the new CGI techniques because they impact on the film you are working on – then the cost of going to the film is likely to be tax deductible.  If you went with a friend and picked up both tickets, then only your ticket will be tax deductible generally.

Where a connection is vague, such as a musician downloading a song for “inspiration”, it may be defendable to claim half the cost of the download but not all of it.

Where you are unable to explain what you went to see or why you went to see it, at best, only a claim for half the expense may be included and quite often it is not possible to include it at all.

To get the best outcome, please describe in your list of expenses what happened in a way that links your research expenses to how you make a living.


  • Car Expenses using the cents per km method

Anyone who drives a car for work or business may be entitled to claim car expenses and for those that can, the standard of proof required by the Tax Office is very generous compared to the strict requirements to claim other types of deduction.

If you are an employee or a freelancer earning most of your income from a single client, you are not able to claim the costs of travelling to and from work unless, under certain circumstances, you need to carry bulky equipment and tools.

If you have to travel to see clients or conduct business, then you may be able to claim a deduction under the cents per kilometre method by making a reasonable estimate of the number of kilometres you travelled, to a maximum of 5,000km in a year.  This claim is generous at 66 cents per kilometre which for most people means an improvement in their tax outcome of  potentially up to $1,000 or more.

If you travel by car and use the cents per kilometre method, thinking about your car trips can be very productive. You can make a reasonable estimate by going through your diary and using Google Maps’ Get Directions’ to calculate the distances. Prepare a ‘from and to’ list of locations, calculate the return kms and number of trips, and show us your list. If you pull a single number ‘out of the air’ the ATO can demand you to explain how you worked it out, so we must ask you to give us the break down. We may even remind you of more trips you can claim!


  • Using Excel or other spreadsheets to record expenses

Most people are now very familiar with spreadsheets. But every year, a few people end up paying higher accounting fees that could easily have been avoided if they had not created more work for us that we would prefer not to do either.

Know how to help us help you keep your fees to a minimum.

For sole trader income and expenses, if you use Excel rather than an accounting software package, please use the templates we provide freely on our website under Resources – Checklists and Templates.  They are designed to comply with the Tax Office legal requirements for ABN holders to maintain their records in a compliant record keeping system.

Don’t colour code things, hide columns or leave gaps.  It is very easy for us to sort data by category, description and date.  If you need to tell us something, use the comments field to do it. Feel free to modify the templates or adapt them to your Excel/CSV banking transaction downloads – but please use our headings to record all the right details for tax purposes.

In the amount column only put a number, not a text description like 200 Euros.  If you have an overseas transaction write the currency in the comment field if you do not know how to apply Excel currency formatting.  If you have a lot of overseas transactions, it may be helpful to call and speak to Joe or Electra before compiling your spreadsheets.

Lastly, enter the dates in the format 12/12/2015; do not use decimal points because the spreadsheet won’t understand that it is a date.

  • Is it okay to estimate expenses or provide totals?

It is hardly ever okay to do this.  If you are in business then all deductions must be backed by written evidence showing what was purchased, how from, when and for how much.  That information needs to be compiled into a complying record keeping system such as our Excel templates, Xero, Saasu, Quickbooks or MYOB.

Presenting us with a list of totals doesn’t meet those conditions and will often result in either your being asked to reprepare your records or your return excluding all deductions where there is any doubt about what they were or whether to include them.

There are a very few limited expenses where it is okay to provide an annual total; such as internet and mobile phone costs if you are paying a fixed monthly fee and always pay it on time.

Employees are in much the same boat as freelancers and even though there are a few exceptions it is always much safer to record your expenses as incurred than relying on an exception that may not practically apply.  The biggest and most costly mistake made by employees is to ignore their travel expenses under the assumption they are receiving a travel allowance.


  • Audits and a dedicated business bank account

Especially if you are a freelancer or in business, it is highly recommended that you maintain a separate bank account to pay your expenses from and receive income from your clients. In fact, we cannot stress enough to sole traders the importance of separating business from personal.

Even if you cannot get a business credit card, use a dedicated credit card and/or a Visa or Mastercard debit card facility.

Using prepaid cards for overseas work travel expenses is also recommended (export transaction data to an Excel spreadsheet, converted to AU$).

If the Tax Office take an interest in your affairs, they are likely to ask for copies of accounting records and business bank statements.  If your business spending is muddled in with your private expenses, then it can be a big job to identify what is personal and what is business. Your personal spending habits are none of their business, either.

As we prepare business schedules for your tax return, you may need us to evaluate the integrity and compliance of your accounting system and advise you. If your opening balance plus business deposits minus business outgoings equals the closing balance shown on the bank statement, then you can more easily prove to an ATO auditor that your accounting records are complete and reliable and therefore should not be fully audited. This otherwise straightforward reconciliation to prove your figures stack up is really hard to do if all your personal banking is in there too.


We want you to save tax, reduce accounting fees, save time AND not get audited. So please contact us before submitting your annual tax questionnaire if you are not sure how to best organise your income and expense records.


Going forward from 1 July: 

  • Perhaps you should get set up on cloud accounting software  – such as Xero, MYOB Essentials, Quickbooks Online or Saasu. 
  • Check out their websites and their trial versions first, and let us know via the link below if you want us to suggest a product to suit your business. (we do not resell software or seek commissions)
  • As tax accountants we understand all accounting software and can give you some basic training. However, most of our clients manage the bulk of their own recording and coding.
  • We may suggest some external bookkeepers for specialised set-ups and more hands on work, depending on our available staff.

—— end of newsletter ——

Please note: If you need to discuss your matters with an accountant – Electra (from 19 June), Joe (available now) or Rex (from 22 June) – please contact us by email business at
We truly appreciate your business, and we are grateful for the trust you place in us. We look forward to being of service to you again soon.

Please keep an eye out for our 2015 Online Tax and BAS questionnaires, to be emailed on 30 June. (or email us if you would like to be added to our mailing list)


Best regards

Electra Frost  – Managing Director
Joe Sharpe  – Accountant, Tax Agent
Rex Ting  – Business Services Accountant
Jessica Longhurst  – Office Administrator


Electra Frost Accounting

JULY ADDRESS: Office 22, 43-53 Bridge Road, Stanmore NSW 2048

CURRENT ADDRESS: 403 Flourmill Studios, 3 Gladstone St, Newtown NSW 2042
PHONE: 02 9516 3382
FAX: 02 9519 2808


Liability limited by a scheme approved under Professional Standards Legislation

Send this to a friend